The nature is constantly providing various resources for making textile materials for variety of applications. Though many textile fibres in the nature are available in the fibrous form itself, nature also offers raw materials that can be modified and formed into a filament in a way similar to the melt and solution spinning of other textile fibres. More than 60 sample representing 25 different types of metallic and industrial minerals, aggregates and the three main rock groups namely igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic.
Basalt is a natural material belonging to the family of igneous rocks, which has the capability of melting at certain temperature in a way similar to thermoplastic materials. Also basalt material is capable of withstanding high temperature and pressures, which can be used for high performance applications. This paper deals with the manufacturing of basalt fibres, their properties and the applications.
D Saravanan, Department of Textile Technology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu, India.