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Mechanical characterization of basalt fibre reinforced plastic

This paper describes the results of tensile tests and finite element (FE) calculations with representative volume elements (RVEs) of basalt fibre reinforced plastic with two different types of fabric reinforcements.

Necessary rock studies of the gabbro and andesite basalt groups for the suitability as the raw material base for the production of continuous basalt fiber (CBF). A unique technique including laboratory melting and pilot-industrial melting at the high-tech equipment.

As fabric reinforcements show repeating ondulations of warp and fill yarn, simple mixtures laws reach their limits. That is the reason why the mesoscopic dimension, lying between the microscopic and the macroscopic dimension, has to be taken into account when a mechanical characterization of fabric reinforced composites is carried out. The aim of this work is to determine the stiffness of a fabric reinforced composite in warp and fill direction with numerical investigations.

The simulations are based on FE-calculation with twodifferent RVEs. The tensile tests and the FE-calculations have been carried out for two different types of basalt fabrics, namely twill 2/2 and twill 1/3. The comparison between the experimental data and the results of the FE-calculations are provided in order to support the validity of the proposed model.

Piergiorgio Valentino, Franco Furgiuele, University of Calabria, Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, Italy;
Marco Romano, Ingo Ehrlich, University of Applied Sciences Regensburg, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Laboratory for Composite Technology, Regensburg, Germany;
Norbert Gebbeken, University of the Bundeswehr Munich, Institute for Engineering Mechanics and Structural Mechanics, Neubiberg, Germany.

Countries: Germany, Italy

Industries: Energy

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