All the reinforced concrete elements of the boundary markers located on the border between Poland and Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia were replaced.
Installation of modern basalt composite pillars on the 200-km-long land section of the border between Poland and Russia started in October 2015. For this purpose, more than 400 basalt plastic pillars were manufactured in Russia according to modern technologies.
The manufacturers provided for the pillars to be installed easily and to withstand adverse ambient conditions, since boundary markers are usually set up along the entire border, including wetlands areas and forests with constant high humidity. They are exposed to temperature extremes and direct sunlight there.
Reinforced concrete boundary pillars had been used for more than 58 years and eventually became weaken. There is a reason to expect the basalt pillars to last much longer. In addition, the border guards will not have to paint them every year.
The Polish side has agreed on the work procedures.