Government permission is required to export cutting-edge materials or technology such as carbon fiber — which can be used in aircraft and centrifuges — and power-amplifying semiconductors. Current law provides for penalties of 5 million yen to 10 million yen ($44,300 to $88,600) for both individuals and companies.
One proposed revision imposes fines of up to 30 million yen on individuals who leak technology related to weapons of mass destruction, such as nuclear weaponry, and 20 million yen for leaks related to conventional arms such as handguns or land mines. The caps for businesses would rise to 1 billion yen and 700 million yen, respectively.
Japan has seen a number of unlawful technology exports and attempted violations, according to the Nikkei Asian Review, which specifies, among other cases, that a Japanese company was found to have illegally exported carbon fiber to China.The cabinet plans to approve the proposed revisions early next month.