A fiber-to-composite molding process to laminate fiber-reinforced plastics in open molds

Adeka, a material manufacturer of chemical and food products, and GH Craft, the Teijin Group’s composite structure design, development and evaluation unit, announce that they have jointly developed a fiber-to-composite (FtoC) Molding Process to laminate fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) in open molds.

Fiber to Composite Molding Process

The FtoC Molding Process automates resin impregnating, curing and laminating processes while aligning highly oriented fibers. A special new rapid-curing epoxy resin developed by Adeka enables FRP to be cured in just tens of seconds with GH Craft’s molding process using infrared radiation. Large-scale equipment such as curing ovens and press molds are not needed because the FRP can be laminated in an open mold. Also, compared to conventional composite production, the FtoC Molding Process considerably reduces fiber waste by directly molding fibers to the composite without requiring intermediate steps. Moreover, by extending and highly orienting fibers, the process produces glass-fiber-reinforced plastics (GFRP) that offers significantly improved performance, including 100 percent more bending strength, 40 percent more tensile strength and 75 percent more interlayer shear strength compared to conventional GRFP made with conventional resin transfer molding (RTM). 

Going forward, Adeka will develop lineups of specialized resins for the FtoC Molding Process and GH Craft will develop practical applications. Adeka and GH Craft will jointly verify the effectiveness of the FtoC Molding Process through the manufacture of practical products. Furthermore, the companies aim to jointly create a new composite market sector by working to establish the FtoC Molding Process as a de facto standard for FRP production. 

FRP is made of aligned unidirectional fiber that is impregnated with matrix thermoset resin and then molded by heat. Conventional thermoset molding processes, such as autoclave and RTM, have drawbacks including long manufacturing cycles, high production costs, including for large equipment such as curing ovens and press molds needed for large-scale composites, and the need for intermediate trimming steps that produce large amounts of fiber waste. In addition, rather than highly orienting fibers, conventional thermoset molding processes twist the fibers in matrix resin, making it generally difficult to achieve high-tenacity FRP.

Highly oriented FRP

Companies: TEIJIN

Terms: Business, Innovations

This article has been edited by Basalt.Today
This article has been written on JEC Composites Magazine
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